Zone defense is different from man-to-man defense in that, instead of guarding a particular player, each zone defender is responsible for guarding an area of the floor, or "zone", and any offensive player that comes into that area. Zone defenders move their position on the floor in relationship to where the ball moves.
The two-three zone is the classic zone defense. It is based on the fundamental belief that five players can more successfully guard defined areas than they can specific players. It’s primary goals are to force the opposition to rely on their perimeter shooting to score points, and to goad their opponents into making careless mistakes as they grow more frustrated with the zone defense facing them.
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The 2-3 zone defense is by far the most common zone in basketball and is more than likely the specific formation that will come to a coaches mind when they hear the term ‘zone’ relating to basketball. The 2-3 zone defense involves two players across the top of the zone near each high post; these players are referred to as the ‘guards’ (1 and 2), two players a step outside of each block; known as the ‘forwards’ (3 and 4), and a player in the middle of the key referred to as the ...
Instructions. This the original set on the 2-3 zone. The top two players will pinch towards the middle to stop dribble penetration. Pass to the Wing: Player 4 comes up to stop the outside shot and dribble penetration. Player 1 hustles over to the wing to guard the ball. Player 2 slides in front of the high post.
Zone defense is a specific type of basketball defense in which each defender guards a certain area on the court and by extension, any offensive player that enters into that zone defender’s respective area.
One principle to follow is to never let all five members and especially the back line of the zone to look ahead and see all five members of the offense. Keep at least one player positioned behind the zone at all times. This forces the back line to sink and opens gaps.
This zone defense works well if the opposing team has strong guard players, because it puts an extra person on the perimeter. At the same time, it could help your slower guard players. You have to be careful because this will put more pressure on your post players and it also makes the post area vulnerable which could result in foul trouble for your best players which is the last thing you want to do.
The 2-3 zone defense is the most commonly used zone defense. It has the advantage of protecting the inside, lane area, and keeps your "bigs" inside. Its weakness is it is vulnerable to good outside shooting, with open areas on the wings, point and high post. Read " Zone Defense " for more about playing zone defense, and Zone Rebounding for tips on rebounding out of the zone.